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Crop Agriculture

Landsat 4, 5, 7, and 8 Band Designations

(Cited from USGS at: https://landsat.usgs.gov/what-are-band-designations-landsat-satellites; opens in new window.)

Click here for a Landsat 8 / Sentinel-2 Band Comparison

The Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) sensor was carried on Landsat 4 and Landsat 5, and images consist of seven spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 5 and 7. The approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Landsat 4-5

Thematic
Mapper
(TM)

Bands Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 1 - Blue 0.45-0.52 30
Band 2 - Green 0.52-0.60 30
Band 3 - Red 0.63-0.69 30
Band 4 - Near Infrared (NIR) 0.76-0.90 30
Band 5  - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 1 1.55-1.75 30
Band 6 - Thermal 10.40-12.50 120* (30)
Band 7 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 2 2.08-2.35 30

* TM Band 6 was acquired at 120-meter resolution, but products are resampled to 30-meter pixels.

 

The Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) sensor is carried on Landsat 7, and images consist of eight spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 7. The resolution for Band 8 (panchromatic) is 15 meters. All bands can collect one of two gain settings (high or low) for increased radiometric sensitivity and dynamic range, while Band 6 collects both high and low gain for all scenes. The approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Landsat 7

Enhanced
Thematic
Mapper
Plus
(ETM+)

Bands Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 1 - Blue 0.45-0.52 30
Band 2 - Green 0.52-0.60 30
Band 3 - Red 0.63-0.69 30
Band 4 - Near Infrared (NIR) 0.77-0.90 30
Band 5 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 1 1.55-1.75 30
Band 6 - Thermal 10.40-12.50 60 * (30)
Band 7 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 2 2.09-2.35 30
Band 8 - Panchromatic .52-.90 15

* ETM+ Band 6 is acquired at 60-meter resolution, but products are resampled to 30-meter pixels.

 

Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) images consist of nine spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 7 and 9. The ultra blue Band 1 is useful for coastal and aerosol studies. Band 9 is useful for cirrus cloud detection. The resolution for Band 8 (panchromatic) is 15 meters. Thermal bands 10 and 11 are useful in providing more accurate surface temperatures and are collected at 100 meters. The approximate scene size is 185 km north-south by 180 km east-west.

Landsat 8

Operational
Land Imager
(OLI)
and
Thermal
Infrared
Sensor
(TIRS)

 

Bands Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 1 - Ultra Blue (coastal/aerosol) 0.43 - 0.45 30
Band 2 - Blue 0.45 - 0.51 30
Band 3 - Green 0.53 - 0.59 30
Band 4 - Red 0.64 - 0.67 30
Band 5 - Near Infrared (NIR) 0.85 - 0.88 30
Band 6 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 1 1.57 - 1.65 30
Band 7 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 2 2.11 - 2.29 30
Band 8 - Panchromatic 0.50 - 0.68 15
Band 9 - Cirrus 1.36 - 1.38 30
Band 10 - Thermal Infrared (TIRS) 1 10.60 - 11.19 100 * (30)
Band 11 - Thermal Infrared (TIRS) 2 11.50 - 12.51 100 * (30)

* TIRS bands are acquired at 100 meter resolution, but are resampled to 30 meter in delivered data product.